Aaron Ward II DD-483 - Historia

Aaron Ward II DD-483 - Historia


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Aaron Ward II.

(DD-483: dp. 2,060; 1. 348'4 "; b. 36'1", dr. 13'6 ", s. 35 k., Completo 208; a. 4 5", 4 1.1 ", 5 20 mm., 5 21 "tt., 2 act., 6 dcp .; cl. Gleaves)

El segundo Aaron Ward (DD - 483) fue depositado el 11 de febrero de 1941 en Kearny N.J., por Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., lanzado el 22 de noviembre de 1941, patrocinado por Miss Hilda Ward, hija del difunto Contralmirante Ward; y encargado el 4 de marzo de 1942, Comdr. Orville F. Gregor al mando.

Después de su shakedown fuera de Casco Bay, Maine, y la disponibilidad posterior al shakedown en New York Navy Yard, Aaron Ward navegó hacia el Pacífico el 20 de mayo de 1942 y procedió a través del Canal de Panamá a San Diego. Poco tiempo después, mientras la Batalla de Midway se desarrollaba hacia el oeste, el destructor operó en la pantalla de la Task Force (TF) 1 del Vicealmirante William S. Pye, construida alrededor de siete acorazados y el buque de escolta Long Island (AVG). -1) mientras navegaba hacia el Océano Pacífico, llegando finalmente a un punto a unas 1.200 millas al oeste de San Francisco e igualmente al noreste de Hawai, para "apoyar las operaciones actuales contra el enemigo". Con el destacamento de Long Island del grupo de trabajo el 17 de junio, Aaron Ward la examinó en su viaje de regreso a San Diego.

Después de las operaciones locales frente a la costa oeste, Aaron Ward zarpó hacia Hawai el 30 de junio de 1942 y de allí se dirigió a las islas Tonga con TF 18. Asignado a tareas de escolta poco después, convocó al engrasador de la flota Cimarron (AO 22) a Noumea. Durante el transcurso de la travesía realizó dos contactos sonoros, uno el 5 de agosto y el otro al día siguiente, que desarrolló y atacó con cargas de profundidad. Aunque afirmó un probable hundimiento en cada caso, ninguno de los "asesinatos" se confirmó en la contabilidad de la posguerra. Posteriormente asignado a tareas de detección con fuerzas que buscaban cubrir y reabastecer Guadalcanal, Aaron Ward vio al portaaviones Wasp (CV-7) torpedeado por 1-19 el 15 de septiembre de 1942.

En el plazo de un mes, Aaron Ward estaba destinado a una misión de bombardeo en tierra el 17 de octubre. Se paró en Lunga Roads a las 0717 de ese día para mentir y esperar la llegada de un oficial de enlace marino que designaría los objetivos del barco. Sin embargo, antes de que pudiera embarcar pasajeros, vio cinco bombarderos enemigos acercándose desde el oeste. Estos atacaron a Aaron Ward alrededor de las 07:24, pero se encontraron con un fuerte bombardeo antiaéreo tanto del barco como de los cañones marinos en la costa. El destructor avanzó a velocidad de flanco cuando instó a los atacantes a realizar maniobras evasivas y evitar que las bombas que caían se balancearan radicalmente hacia la derecha o hacia la izquierda según lo exigiera la ocasión. Tres bombas saltaron de 100 a 300 yardas a popa del barco. Sin embargo, los marines afirmaron que dos de los cinco atacantes habían sido destruidos, mientras que el barco y los marines compartieron una tercera "muerte".

Terminada la acción, el destructor se detuvo en Lunga Roads a las 0800 y embarcó a Martin Clemens, el exrepresentante consular británico en Guadalcanal, Maj. C.M. Nees, USMC y el cabo R. M. Howard USMC, fotógrafo, y se pusieron en marcha poco después, alcanzando su área objetivo en 40 minutos. Durante tres horas, Aaron Ward bombardeó posiciones japonesas en la costa, sus objetivos iban desde un emplazamiento de armas hasta depósitos de municiones; incendios, humo y explosiones marcaron su visita cuando abandonó el área. Al llegar a Lunga Roads a las 1216, desembarcó a sus pasajeros y después de estar en alerta por un ataque aéreo japonés que no pudo materializarse, despejó el Canal Lengo y se reincorporó a su grupo de trabajo.

Tres días después, mientras realizaba nuevamente operaciones de detección, Aaron Ward vio cómo el crucero pesado Chester (CA-27) recibía un torpedo el 20 de octubre. El destructor acudió en ayuda del crucero accidentado y lanzó un patrón de carga de profundidad completa sobre el atacante de Chester (1-1 76), pero llegó con las manos vacías. Luego escoltó el barco dañado a Espíritu Santo.

Diez días después de su abortada búsqueda del 1-176, Aaron Ward llevó a cabo otro bombardeo de posiciones japonesas en Guadalcanal, esta vez en compañía del crucero ligero Atlanta (CL-51), el buque insignia del contralmirante Norman Scott (Comandante, Grupo de Trabajo ( TG) 64.4), y los destructores Benham (DD-397), Fletcher (DD - 45) y Lardner (DD-487). Al llegar a Punta Lunga a las 05.20 del 30 de octubre, el grupo de trabajo se incorporó y Atlanta embarcó a un oficial de enlace del Mayor General Alexander A. Vandegrift, Comandante de la Primera División de Infantería de Marina, 20 minutos después.

Navegando hacia su área designada, TG 64.4 llegó a su destino en una hora y a las 0629 el buque insignia del almirante Scott abrió fuego. Aaron Ward hizo lo mismo poco después; finalmente, antes de cesar el fuego a las 08.40, gastó 711 rondas de munición de 5 pulgadas. Deteniéndose brevemente para investigar un submarino reportado en las cercanías, Aaron Ward luego despejó el área poco antes de las 0900, su misión fue completada.

Aaron Ward examinó los transportes que descargaban hombres y material frente a Guadalcanal los días 11 y 12 de noviembre, reclamando un avión enemigo y dañando otros dos el primer día y dos aviones más frente a Lunga Point en el segundo.

A las 18.30 del 12 de noviembre, Aaron Ward se retiró con su grupo de trabajo en dirección este. Más tarde, la fuerza — cinco cruceros y ocho destructores — al mando del contralmirante Daniel J. Callaghan, cambió de rumbo y retrocedió a través del canal Lengo. Alrededor de las 01:30 del 13 de noviembre, los barcos estadounidenses que poseían radar detectaron numerosos contactos en sus pantallas: la "Fuerza de Ataque Voluntario" al mando del Contralmirante Hiroaki Abe, que constaba de dos acorazados, un crucero ligero y 14 destructores.

Aaron Ward, al frente de los cuatro destructores que subían a la retaguardia de la columna de Callaghan, se acercó a los barcos japoneses con su radar FD en 0145 abriendo fuego poco después sobre un objetivo que ella consideró un acorazado. Poco tiempo después, después de que el barco había disparado aproximadamente 10 salvas, vio que los cruceros delante de ella aparentemente habían cambiado de rumbo, deteniendo y haciendo retroceder ambos motores en 0155, Aaron Ward observó dos torpedos pasar debajo de ella.

Un instante después, Barton (DD-599), cerca, estalló; había sido torpedeada por el destructor Amatsukaze poco antes de que Aaron Ward, con las aguas claras delante de ella, se adelantara una vez más. Se preparó para disparar torpedos a un objetivo a babor, pero no lo hizo porque avistó un barco que supuso que era Sar Francisco (CA 38) a 1.500 yardas de distancia. A las 0204, observando lo que ella tomó por Sterett (DD 407) dirigiéndose directamente hacia su lado de babor, Aaron Ward se adelantó a la velocidad de flanco y puso su timón sobre hard-a-port para evitar una colisión.

Poco tiempo después, el destructor comenzó a disparar contra un barco enemigo y lanzó unas 25 salvas en su dirección; su objetivo pudo haber sido el destructor japonés Akatsuki, que explotó y se hundió, llevándose todas las manos con ella. Aaron Ward cambió de rumbo para apuntar a un nuevo objetivo en el cuerpo a cuerpo y logró disparar cuatro salvas bajo el control del director hasta que un proyectil japonés dejó al director fuera de combate y obligó a los artilleros del destructor a confiar en el control local.

En los minutos que siguieron, Aaron Ward recibió ocho impactos directos más, incapaz de identificar amigo del enemigo y seguro de que el enemigo seguramente había establecido su carácter estadounidense, entonces el destructor se destacó para despejar el área. Perdió el control de la dirección a las 02.25 y, manejando con sus motores, intentó girar a la derecha. Al no ver más disparos después de las 0230, cuando aparentemente terminó la batalla, Aaron Ward murió en el agua a las 0235, su sala de máquinas delantera se inundó de agua salada y se le acabó el agua de alimentación.

Sin embargo, utilizando una bomba de gasolina, la tripulación del destructor logró bombear agua salada a los tanques y encender las calderas. pedirle un tirón a Tulagi. Sin embargo, mantuvo su ritmo de gateo durante solo media hora, cuando volvió a morir en el agua.

Treinta minutos después de que ella se hubiera detenido, Aaron Ward vio una visión no deseada: un acorazado japonés, Hiei navegando lentamente en círculos entre las islas Savo y Florida. También cerca, más cerca de Guadalcanal, estaban Atlanta, Portland (CA-33) Cushing (D-376) y Monssen (D-436), todos dañados y los destructores en llamas. La presencia del destructor japonés Yudachi en las cercanías resultó ser su propia ruina: Portland la hundió sumariamente poco después.

Aaron Ward, tal vez impulsado a hacerlo con más urgencia debido a la proximidad de Hiei, se puso en marcha a las 0618, y dos minutos después saludó a Bobolink (ATO-131), que había llegado para llevarse al destructor a remolque. Sin embargo, antes de que se pudiera manipular la línea de remolque, Hiei vio a Aaron Ward y abrió fuego con sus armas pesadas. Cuatro salvas de dos cañones tronaron desde el acorazado, la tercera de las cuales se extendió a horcajadas sobre el destructor lisiado. Afortunadamente, los aviones enviados desde Henderson Field comenzaron a trabajar sobre Hiei y distrajeron su atención en el último momento.

Al perder energía nuevamente a las 0635, Aaron Ward fue remolcado por Bobolink y los barcos comenzaron a moverse hacia la seguridad. El remolcador entregó el remolque a una lancha patrullera local (YP) a las 0650, y el destructor ancló en el puerto de Tulagi cerca de la isla Makambo a las 08:30. Los nueve impactos directos que había recibido resultaron en 15 hombres muertos y 57 heridos. Después de recibir reparaciones temporales a nivel local, Aaron Ward zarpó hacia Hawai poco después, llegando a Peari Harbour el 20 de diciembre de 1942 para reparaciones permanentes.

El destructor se reincorporó a la flota el 6 de febrero de 1943 y pronto reanudó el trabajo de escolta. Durante una temporada con un pequeño convoy el 20 de marzo, ayudó a despegar aviones japoneses atacantes. Poco tiempo después, el 7 de abril, había escoltado el transporte rápido Ward (APD-16) y tres lanchas de desembarco de tanques (LCT) desde las islas Russell hasta Savo. Sin esperar llegar hasta las 14:00, el destructor avanzó a 25 nudos para proporcionar a Ward y los tres LCT cobertura aérea hasta que llegaron a Tulagi. Alrededor del mediodía, sin embargo, el destructor no recibió la amenaza de un inminente ataque aéreo en Guadaleanal.

A medida que los barcos se acercaban a su destino, Aaron Ward recibió órdenes alrededor de las 13:30 para dejar su convoy para cubrir LST-449 frente a Togoma Point, Guadaleanal. Uniéndose al barco de aterrizaje de tanques a las 1419, el destructor le indicó que siguiera sus movimientos y zigzagueara ante la aproximación de aviones enemigos. Mientras el LST maniobraba para ajustarse a los movimientos de Aaron VVard, el capitán de este último planeaba retirarse hacia el este a través del Canal Lengo como lo hacían otros cargueros y barcos de escolta al recibir la advertencia de ataque aéreo de Guadalcanal.

Al ver una pelea de perros sobre la isla Savo, Aaron Ward rastreó a un grupo más cercano de aviones japoneses que se dirigían al sur sobre Tulagi; mientras giraba a estribor, el barco avistó repentinamente tres aviones enemigos que salían del sol. Avanzando a la velocidad de flanco y poniendo el timón a la izquierda, Aaron Ward abrió fuego con sus cañones de 20 y 40 milímetros, seguido poco después por su batería de 5 pulgadas. Las bombas de los primeros tres aviones impactaron en el barco o cerca de él y el efecto minero de los casi accidentes resultó devastador; la primera bomba estuvo a punto de fallar y abrió agujeros en el costado del barco, lo que permitió que el cuarto de carga de proa enviara agua rápidamente, la segunda golpeó en la sala de máquinas, causando una pérdida de toda la energía eléctrica en los motores de 5 pulgadas y 40 pulgadas. montajes milimétricos. Sin embargo, al pasar al control local, los artilleros mantuvieron el fuego. Una tercera bomba estalló cerca a bordo, agujereando su costado de babor, cerca de la sala de máquinas de popa. Habiendo perdido potencia en su timón, el barco continuó girando hacia la izquierda mientras otro trío de bombarderos en picado soltaban sus cargas sobre el ahora indefenso destructor. Si bien ninguna de estas bombas alcanzó el barco, dos aterrizaron muy cerca de su costado de babor. Veinte destructores habían muerto; 59 habían resultado heridos, siete estaban desaparecidos.

A pesar de los esfuerzos de prueba de su decidida tripulación y el asistente de Ortolan (ASR-5) y Vireo (ATO-144), el destructor se instaló más abajo en el agua. Cuando se hizo evidente que la batalla para salvar a Aaron Ward se estaba perdiendo, Ortolan y Vireo intentaron llevarla a la playa en un banco cerca de Tinete Point. A las 21.35, sin embargo, Aaron Ward se hundió, con la popa primero, en 40 brazas de agua, a solo 600 yardas del agua del bajío.

Aaron Ward recibió cuatro estrellas de batalla por su servicio en la Segunda Guerra Mundial.


USS Aaron Ward (DM-34)

El tercer barco llamado USS Aaron Ward (DD-773 / DM-34) en honor al contralmirante Aaron Ward fue un Robert H. Smith-Clase destructor minador al servicio de la Armada de los Estados Unidos.

  • 6 x 5 pulg. (127 mm) / 38 cal. pistolas
  • Cañones de 12 x 40 mm
  • Cañones de 8 x 20 mm
  • 2 x pistas de carga de profundidad
  • 4 proyectores de carga de profundidad
  • 80 minas

Ella fue puesta como una Allen M. Sumner-destructor de clase (DD-773) el 12 de diciembre de 1943 en San Pedro, California por Bethlehem Shipbuilding y lanzado el 5 de mayo de 1944, patrocinado por la Sra. G. H. Ratliff. El barco fue redesignado como destructor minador, DM-34, el 19 de julio de 1944, y comisionado el 28 de octubre de 1944 con el comandante William H. Sanders Jr. al mando.


Aaron Ward được chế tạo tại xưởng tàu của hãng Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company ở Kearny, Nueva Jersey. Nó được đặt lườn vào ngày 11 tháng 2 năm 1941 được hạ thủy vào ngày 22 tháng 11 năm 1941, và được đỡ đầu bởi cô Hilda Ward, con gái Chuẩn đô đốc Ward. Con tàu được cho nhập biên chế cùng Hải quân Hoa Kỳ vào ngày 4 tháng 3 năm 1942 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Trung tá Hải quân Orville F. Gregor.

1942 Sửa đổi

Sau khi hoàn tất chạy thử máy ngoài khơi Casco Bay, Maine và hiệu chỉnh sau thử máy tại Xưởng hải quân Nueva York, Aaron Ward lên đường đi cantó khu vực Thái Bình Dương vào ngày 20 tháng 5 năm 1942, băng qua kênh đào Panama để đi đến San Diego, California. Ít lâu sau đó, đang khi Trận Midway được phát triển về phía Tây, nó được điều vào thành phần hộ tống cho Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 1 dưới quyền Phó đô ếhc c thungi, di quyền Phó đô đốhc c c một tàu sân bay hộ tống, chiếc Isla Grande, khi lực lượng này lên đường tiến ra Thái Bình Dương “để hỗ trợ hoạt động chống lại đối phương nếu cần thiết”. Khi đi đến một điểm về phía Đông Bắc quần đảo Hawaii cách San Francisco, California khoảng 1.200 nmi (2.200 km), Isla Grande được cho tách ra khỏi lực lượng đặc nhiệm vào ngày 17 tháng 6, và Aaron Ward đã hộ tống nó quay trở lại San Diego.

Sau các hoạt động tại chỗ ngoài khơi vùng bờ Tây, Aaron Ward lên đường đi Hawaii vào ngày 30 tháng 6, rồi tiếp tục đi đến vùng quần đảo Tonga cùng Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 18. Được phân nhiệm vụ hộ tống không lâu n cho bếco và Cimarron đi đến Nouméa. Trên đường đi, nó hai lần bắt được tính hiệu sonar nghi ngờ của tàu ngầm đối phương: một lần vào ngày 5 tháng 8, và một lần nữa vào ngày hôm sau. Tấn công vào mục tiêu nghi ngờ bằng mìn sâu, chiếc tàu khu trục tự nhận trong cả hai lần có thể đã đánh chìm tàu ​​ngầm đối phương, nhưng những th chin cng Được giao nhiệm vụ hộ tống cho lực lượng bảo vệ và tiếp liệu đến Guadalcanal, nó chứng kiến ​​tàu sân bay Avispa bị trúng ngư lôi phóng tàu ngầm Nhật I-19 vào ngày 15 tháng 9.

Aaron Ward được giao một nhiệm vụ bắn phá bờ biển vào ngày 17 tháng 10. Nó đi đến ngoài khơi Lunga Roads, Guadalcanal chờ đợi một sĩ quan liên lạc Thủy quân Lục chiười mm. Tuy nhiên, trước khi đón được vị khách lên tàu, nó phát hiện năm máy bay ném bom đối phương tiếp cận từ phía Tây. Chúng tấn công nhắm vào nó, nhưng lọt vào vùng hỏa lực phòng không của cả con tàu lẫn lực lượng Thủy quân Lục chiến trên bờ. Con tàu đã cơ động để né tránh ba quả bom đã rơi cách đuôi tàu 100 a 300 yardas (91 a 274 m). Lực lượng Thủy quân Lục chiến trên bờ đã bắn hạ được hai máy bay đối phương, và cùng với con tàu chia sẻ chiến công thứ ba. Sau khi trận chiến đã qua đi, chiếc tàu khu trục đón lên tàu Martin Clemens, nguyên đại diện lãnh sự Anh tại Guadalcanal, Thiếu tá Thủy quân Lục chiến CM Nees và hy Trến sĩ nhanh chóng khởi hành đi đến khu vực mục tiêu trong vòng 40 phút. Trong ba giờ, Aaron Ward đã bắn phá các công sự, điểm đặt pháo và kho đạn của quân Nhật trên bờ. Khi quay trở lại Lunga Roads, nó tiễn những vị khách lên bờ, bước vào trực chiến do một lệnh báo động không kích nhưng đã không xảy ra, rồi rời lc lên ni nn

Ba ngày sau, đang khi tiếp tục làm nhiệm vụ hộ tống vào ngày 20 tháng 10, Aaron Ward chứng kiến ​​tàu tuần dương hạng nặng Chester trúng một quả ngư lôi phóng từ tàu ngầm Nhật I-176. Nó đi đến cứu giúp con tàu bị hư hại và thả một loạt mìn sâu vào kẻ tấn công, nhưng không mang lại kết quả. Nó hộ tống chiếc tàu tuần dương bị hư hại quay trở về Espíritu Santo. Mười ngày sau, nó tiến hành một đợt bắn phá khác xuống Guadalcanal, lần này cùng với tàu tuần dương hạng nhẹ Atlanta, soái hạm của Chuẩn đô đốc Norman Scott, và các tàu khu trục Benham, Fletcher Virginia Lardner.

Đi đến ngoài khơi Lunga Point lúc 05 giờ 20 phút ngày 30 tháng 10, Atlanta đón lên tàu hai mươi phút sau đó một sĩ quan liên lạc được Thiếu tướng Alexander A. Vandegrift, Tư lệnh Sư đoàn 1 Thủy quân Lục chiến phái đến. Đi đến khu vực được chỉ định chỉ sau một giờ, Atlanta khai hỏa và được Aaron Ward tiếp nối không lâu sau đó nó tiêu phí tổng cộng 711 quả đạn pháo 5 pulgadas. Tạm dừng để điều tra một tín hiệu nghi ngờ tàu ngầm đối phương tại khu vực lân cận, nó sau đó rời đi.

Hải chiến Guadalcanal Sửa đổi

Aaron Ward hộ tống các tàu vận tải chất dỡ binh lính và tiếp liệu ngoài khơi Guadalcanal trong các ngày 11-12 tháng 11, bắn rơi một máy bay đối phương và làm hư hại hai ngo Lhômài khác. Phía Đồng Minh nhận được tin tức về một lực lượng tàu nổi Nhật Bản lớn được gửi đến để vô hiệu hóa các hoạt động không lực Đồng Minh xuất phát t lc ng Minh xuất phát vi tậ hcn bay Bản lên đảo này. Trận Hải chiến Guadalcanal trở nên một cộc mốc lớn trong suốt Chiến dịch Guadalcanal.

Chiều tối ngày 12 tháng 11, Aaron Ward rút lui về phía Đông cùng với lực lượng đặc nhiệm của nó, bao gồm năm tàu ​​tuần dương và tám tàu ​​khu trục dưới quyền Chuẩn đô đốc Daniel J. Callaghan, hộ tu úti cái Sau đó lực lượng muelle mũi trở lại, băng qua eo biển Lengo. Lúc khoảng 01 giờ 25 phút ngày 13 tháng 11, các tàu chiến Mỹ có trang bị radar bắt được nhiều mục tiêu trên màn hình, chính là "Lực lượng Tấn công Tình ngui giáp hạm Hiei Virginia Kirishima, tàu tuần dương hạng nhẹ Nagara cùng 14 tàu khu trục.

Aaron Ward dẫn đầu bốn tàu khu trục đi phía cuối đội hình của Callaghan, khai hỏa không lâu sau đó vào mục tiêu được cho là một thiết giáp hạm. Sau khi bắn được mười loạt pháo, nó phát hiện ra các tàu tuần dương dẫn trước đã đổi hướng, và hai quả ngư lôi đi sát cạnh nó. Một lúc sau, Barton bị nổ tung do trúng ngư lôi phóng từ tàu khu trục Nhật Amatsukaze. Tiếp tục tiến lên phía trước, Aaron Ward chuẩn bị phóng ngư lôi vào một mục tiêu bên mạn trái, nhưng đã không khai hỏa vì kịp nhận ra mục tiêu lại là tàu tuần dương San Francisco đang ở khoảng cách 1,500 yardas (1,4 km). Trông thấy tàu khu trục Sterett đang hướng thẳng đến nó từ mạn trái, nó phải bẻ lái gấp cantó mạn trái để tránh va chạm. Một lúc sau, nó nổ súng nhắm vào một tàu đối phương, bắn khoảng 25 loạt đạn pháo vào mục tiêu có thể là tàu khu trục Akatsuki khiến nó nổ tung và đắm với tổn thất toàn bộ thành viên thủy thủ đoàn. Đổi hướng để nhắm vào một mục tiêu khác trong sự lộn xộn, chiếc tàu khu trục né tránh được bốn loạt đạn pháo đối phương trước khi một quả đạn pháo h lc kiển tại chỗ.

Trong những phút tiếp theo, Aaron Ward bị bắn trúng thêm tám phát trực tiếp, không thể phân biệt bạn và thù, và biết chắc đối phương đã nhận rõ kiểu dáng tàu khu trục Hoa Kỳ của nó trống vän rờ. Nó mất kiểm soát bánh lái lúc 02 giờ 25 phút, và chỉ đổi hướng bằng cách thay đổi vòng quay động cơ, nó rời cantó mạn phải. Không còn phát súng nào được bắn lúc 02 giờ 30 phút, khi trận chiến rõ ràng đã kết thúc, con tàu chết đứng giữa biển lúc 02 giờ 35 phút, phòng động cơ phía trướn vcung công động cơ phía trướn vcung công ngc cho nồi hơi. Sử dụng bơm chạy xăng, thủy thủ đoàn bơm nước mặn vào nồi hơi và tái khởi động động cơ. Đến 05 giờ 00, nó di chuyển chậm về phía trước, băng qua eo biển Sealark mười phút sau, các xuồng phóng lôi Hoa Kỳ tiếp cận, và nó ra tín hiệu cần hỗ trỉ một chỉ t t nó từ di chuyển chậm trong nữa giờ trước khi lại chết đứng giữa biển.

Ba mươi phút sau, Aaron Ward trông thấy chiếc thiết giáp hạm Nhật Bản Hiei di chuyển chầm chậm theo vòng tròn giữa Savo và quần đảo Florida. Cạnh đó, gần hơn về phía Guadalcanal, là Atlanta, Portland, Cushing Virginia Monssen, tất cả đều bị hư hại, cả hai tàu khu trục đều đang cháy. Tàu khu trục Nhật Bản Yudachi hiện diện chỉ để chờ đợi Portland kết liễu đánh chìm nó.

Cảm thấy cấp bách do sự hiện diện của Hiei ở khoảng cách gần, Aaron Ward lại di chuyển trở lại được lúc 06 giờ 18 phút, và hai phút sau đã gặp gỡ chiếc tàu kéo Bobolink, vốn đi đến để kéo chiếc tàu khu trục. Trước khi nối được cáp, Hiei phát hiện ra Aaron Ward và khai hỏa các khẩu pháo hạng nặng của nó. Bốn loạt hai khẩu đã được bắn ra, loạt thứ ba suýt trúng vây quanh chiếc tàu khu trục hư hỏng. May mắn cho các con tàu Hoa Kỳ, những máy bay cất cánh từ sân bay Henderson bắt đầu tấn công chiếc thiết giáp hạm, thu hút sự chú ý của nó.

Aaron Ward lại bị mất động lực lúc 06 giờ 35 phút, nhưng nó được Bobolink kéo, bắt đầu di chuyển đến khu vực an toàn. Chiếc tàu kéo chuyển giao nhiệm vụ cho một tàu tuần tra địa phương lúc 06 giờ 50 phút, và chiếc tàu khu trục thả neo trong cảng Tulagi gần đảo Makambo lúc 08 giờ 30 phút. Chín phát đạn bắn trúng trực tiếp đã khiến 15 người tử trận và 57 người bị thương. Sau khi được sửa chữa tạm thời tại chỗ, nó lên đường đi Hawaii không lâu sau đó, đi đến Trân Châu Cảng vào ngày 20 tháng 12 để được sửa chữa triệt để.

1943 Sửa đổi

Aaron Ward gia nhập trở lại hạm đội vào ngày 6 tháng 2 năm 1943, tiếp nối hoạt động hộ tống không lâu sau đó. Trong một chuyến đi cùng một đoàn tàu vận tải nhỏ vào ngày 20 tháng 3, nó giúp đánh đuổi những máy bay đối phương tấn công. Ít lâu sau, vào ngày 7 tháng 4, nó hộ tống chiếc pabellón cùng ba tàu đổ bộ LCT từ đảo Russell đến Savo. Dự kiến ​​đến nơi vào khoảng 14 giờ 00, nó đi trước với vận tốc 25 hải lý trên giờ (46 km / h) để bảo vệ phòng không cho pabellón và ba chiếc LCT cho đến khi chúng đi đến Tulagi. Đến khoảng trưa, chiếc tàu khu trục được cảnh báo về một cuộc không kích đang diễn ra tại Guadalcanal.

Khi các con tàu gần tới đích đến, Aaron Ward được lệnh tách khỏi đoàn tàu để bảo vệ cho USS LST-449 Punta ngoài khơi Togoma, Guadalcanal. Một trong những hành khách trên LST-449 vào lúc này là Trung úy Hải quân John F. Kennedy, vị Tổng thống tương lai của Hoa Kỳ. Gia nhập cùng chiếc LST lúc 14 giờ 19 phút, nó hướng dẫn chiếc tàu đổ bộ chạy zig-zag né tránh máy bay đối phương đang ở gần. Hạm trưởng của Aaron Ward, Thiếu tá Hải quân Frederick J. Becton, dự định rút lui về phía Đông qua eo biển Lengo, giống như các tàu vận tải và tàu hộ tống khác đang thực hiện sau khican khạnh bá.

Bị đánh chìm Sửa đổi

Trông thấy một trận không chiến bên trên đảo Savo, Aaron Ward theo dõi một tốp máy bay Nhật Bản hướng về phía Nam bên trên Tulagi. Đang khi bẻ lái cantó mạn phải, nó bất ngờ phát hiện ba máy bay đối phương ló ra từ phía mặt trời. Lập tức bẻ lái trở lại cantó mạn trái, nó tăng tốc hết mức đồng thời khai hỏa các khẩu pháo phòng không Oerlikon 20 mm và Bofors 40 mm, và sau đó bởi các khiberu phá. Tuy nhiên nó không thể ngăn chặn các máy bay của đợt tấn công thứ nhất ném ba quả bom trúng đích hoặc suýt trúng.

Quả thứ nhất suýt trúng ngay sát cạnh lườn tàu, xé toang một lổ hổng khiến phòng nồi hơi phía trước nhanh chóng bị ngập nước. Quả thứ hai đánh trúng phòng động cơ, khiến con tàu bị mất điện cung cấp đến các khẩu pháo 5 pulgadas và 40 mm tuy nhiên các pháo thủ đã chuyển sang vận hày nh tn vn vn hàynh tữn vn bay Quả bom thứ ba nổ sát cạnh con tàu bên mạn trái, làm thủng một lổ bên mạn trái gần phòng động cơ phía sau. Bị mất điện điều khiển khiến kẹt bánh lái, con tàu tiếp tục chạy vòng qua mạn trái trong khi một đợt ba máy bay ném bom bổ nhào khác tiếp tục némào nhắm. Cho dù không có quả bom nào trúng đích trực tiếp, hai quả đã nổ sát mạn trái con tàu.

Bất chấp mọi cố gắng của thủy thủ đoàn và sự trợ giúp của các tàu quét mìn Verderón (ASR-5) và Vireo (ATO-144), con tàu tiếp tục ngập nước, và khi những nỗ lực cứu Aaron Ward thất bại, Verderón Virginia Vireo tìm cách cho mắc cạn nó tại một bãi đá ngầm gần Tinete Point thuộc quần đảo Nggela. Tuy nhiên, đến 21 giờ 35 phút, Aaron Ward đắm với đuôi chìm trước tại tọa độ 9 ° 10′30 ″ N 160 ° 12′0 ″ Đ / 9.175 ° N 160,2 ° Đ / -9.17500 160.20000 Tọa độ: 9 ° 10′30 ″ N 160 ° 12′0 ″ Đ / 9.175 ° N 160,2 ° Đ / -9.17500 160.20000, ở độ sâu 40 sải (73 m), chỉ cách bãi đá ngầm 600 yardas (550 m). Hai mười người trong số thủy thủ đoàn của Aaron Ward đã tử trận, 59 người bị thương và thêm bảy người khác mất tích.

Các thợ lặn đã tìm được xác tàu đắm của Aaron Ward vào ngày 4 tháng 9 năm 1994. Chuyến lặn đầu tiên để khám phá xác tàu diễn ra vào ngày 25 tháng 9 năm 1994. Độ sâu của xác tàu khiến các thợ lặn chỉ duy trút lc .

Aaron Ward được tặng thưởng bốn Ngôi sao Chiến trận do thành tích phục vụ trong Thế Chiến II.


Batalla por Okinawa, 24 de marzo a 30 de junio de 1945

Recuerdos del comandante Frederick Julian Becton, USN, comandante del destructor USS Laffey (DD-724) que, a pesar de haber sido alcanzado por ocho aviones suicidas japoneses (kamikaze) el 16 de abril de 1945, no se hundió.

Adaptado de la entrevista a Frederick Julian Becton en el recuadro 2 de Entrevistas de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, Rama de Archivos Operativos, Centro Histórico Naval.

Batalla por Okinawa, 24 de marzo a 30 de junio de 1945

Soy el comandante Frederick Julian Becton, oficial al mando del USS Laffey. El Laffey se construyó en Bath, Maine y se encargó en Boston, Massachusetts, en el Navy Yard el 8 de febrero de 1944.

Después de un breve período de shakedown, el barco participó en la invasión de Normandía en junio de 1944, después de lo cual participó en el bombardeo de Cherburgo [Francia] el 25 de junio de 1944 y sufrió un impacto de 20 pulgadas [proyectil de artillería alemana] que afortunadamente no explotar.

Al regresar a los Estados Unidos para reparaciones y alteraciones, el barco se dirigió al Pacífico y se unió a la Tercera Flota del Almirante [William F. & # 39Bull & # 39] Halsey & # 39s en noviembre de 1944, para atacar las Islas Filipinas durante el mes de noviembre. .

El barco se unió a la Séptima Flota al mando del Almirante Kinkaid en Leyte Gulf [Filipinas] a principios de diciembre de 1944 y participó en el desembarco de la 77.a División del Ejército de los EE. UU. En Ormoc Bay, el 7 de diciembre de 1944. Esta fue nuestra primera experiencia con el Kamikaze Suicide Corps [unidades de aviones japoneses convertidos en bombas voladoras destinadas a ser estrelladas por sus pilotos en barcos de la Armada de los Estados Unidos para hundirlos o dañarlos gravemente]. El barco y todo el convoy estuvieron bajo incesantes ataques desde las 10 de la mañana hasta el anochecer.

El siguiente aterrizaje en el que participó el barco fue en Mindoro el 15 de diciembre de 1944.

El siguiente aterrizaje fue aproximadamente dos semanas después, cuando el barco dejó el golfo de Leyte el 2 de enero y se dirigió al golfo de Lingayen [también en las Filipinas] para ayudar con las actividades de ablandamiento y el bombardeo antes del desembarco del Ejército el 9 de enero de 1945.

Permanecimos en el área del golfo de Lingayen hasta aproximadamente el 22 de enero y luego procedimos a unirnos al grupo de trabajo del almirante Mitcher en Ulithi.

Participó en las huelgas de Tokio.

The next operation in which the ship participated was the strikes on Tokyo in mid-February 1945, after which the carrier task groups headed south to support the Iwo Jima landing. We went back for the second strikes on Tokyo about the 24th of February, and returning from that, went into Ulithi where we remained until we were ready for the Okinawa operation.

We departed Ulithi for the Okinawa landings on the 21st of March, arrived at Okinawa the 24th of March, and performed screening duties with the battleships and cruisers [protecting them from Japanese aircraft and submarines] who were bombarding the beaches until the major landing on April 1st, 1945. Thereafter, we took up station to the north of Okinawa at radar picket station number one about 35 miles north of Okinawa [these picket stations gave advance warning of the approach of enemy aircraft or ships].

Our tour of duty on this picket station was uneventful until the morning of April 16th, when we underwent a concentrated attack by Japanese suicide planes. The attack commenced about 8:27 [a.m.] when we were attacked by four Vals [single-engine Japanese Aichi D3A naval dive bomber with a 2-man crew], which split, two heading for our bow and two swinging around to attack us from the stern. We shot down three of these and combined with a nearby LCS [support landing craft] in splashing the fourth one. Then two other planes came in from either bow, both of which were shot down by us. It was about the seventh plane that we were firing on that finally crashed into us amidships and started a huge fire. This marked us as a cripple with the flames and smoke billowing up from the ship and the Japs really went to work on us after that.

Two planes came in quick succession from astern and crashed into our after [rear of the ship] five-inch twin mount. The first one carried a bomb which exploded on deck. The second one dropped its bomb on deck before crashing into the after mount. Shortly thereafter, two more planes came in on the port quarter crashing into the deckhouse just forward of the crippled after five-inch mount. This sent a flood of gasoline into the two compartments below the after crew's head [bathroom] and with the fire that was already raging in the after crew's compartment just aft of the five-inch mount number three, we now had fires going in all of the after three living spaces, besides the big fire topside in the vicinity of the number four 40 mm [antiaircraft gun] mount.

The two planes. no, the next one was a plane from our port quarter that dropped a bomb just about our port [left] propeller and jammed our rudder [steering mechanism] when it was 26 degrees left.

Strafed by Approaching Plane.

The next plane came from the port bow, knocked off our yardarm [a horizontally-mounted spar on the radar/radio mast], and a [F4U] Corsair [single engine US fighter with a 1-man crew] chasing it, knocked off our Sugar Charlie [SC air search] radar. Then a plane came in from the port bow carrying a big bomb and was shot down close aboard [in the water near the ship's side]. A large bomb fragment from the exploding bomb knocked out the power in our number two five- inch mount which is the one just forward of the bridge. Shortly thereafter this mount, in manual control, knocked down an Oscar [single-engine Japanese Nakajima Ki-43, Army-type fighter with a 1-man crew] coming in on our starboard bow [from the right-front of the ship] when it was about 500 yards from the ship. At the same time the alert mount captain of number one five- inch mount sighted a Val diving on the ship from the starboard bow, took it under fire and knocked it down about 500 yards from the ship using Victor Tare projectiles. The next plane came yardarm as it pulled out of its dive. It was shot down by the Corsairs ahead of the ship.

The next plane came in from the starboard bow strafing [firing its machine guns] as it approached and dropped a bomb just below the bridge which wiped out our two 20 mms [antiaircraft guns] in that area and killed some of the people in the wardroom [officers' dining and social compartment] battle dressing station. This plane did not try to crash either, and was shot down, after passing over the ship, by our fighter cover.

The last plane that attacked the ship came in from the port bow, and was shot down by the combined fire of the Corsair pilots and our own machine guns, and struck the water close aboard and skidded into the side of the ship, denting the ship's side but causing no damage.

The action had lasted an hour and 20 minutes. We had been attacked by 22 planes, nine of which we had shot down unassisted, eight planes had struck the ship, seven of them with suicidal intent, two of these seven did practically no damage other than knocking off yardarms. Five of these seven did really heavy material damage and killed a lot of our personnel. We had only four of our original eleven .20 mm mounts still in commission. Eight of the original 12 barrels of our .40 mm mounts could still shoot but only in local control, all electrical power to them being gone and our after five-inch mount was completely destroyed. Our engines were still intact.

The fires were still out of control and we were slowly flooding aft. Our rudder was still jammed and remained jammed until we reached port. We tried every engine combination possible to try to make a little headway to the southward but all no avail. We had lost 33 men, killed or missing, about 60 others had been wounded and approximately 30 of these were seriously wounded.

The morning of our attack off Okinawa we had a CAP [combat air patrol] of about 10 planes over us. It was entirely inadequate for the number of attacking Jap planes. Our own radar operators said that they saw as many as 50 bogies [Japanese aircraft] approaching the ship from the north just prior to the attack. Many more planes were undoubtedly sent to our assistance and quite a large number of Jap planes were undoubtedly shot down outside of our own gun range and to the north of us that morning. When the attack was all over we had a CAP of 24 planes protecting us.

Threw live bomb over the side.

One of the highlights of the action occurred when Lieutenant T.W. Runk, [spelled] R-U-N-K, USNR, who was the Communications Officer on the Laffey at the time, went aft to try to free the rudder. He had to clear his way through debris and plane wreckage to reach the fantail [rearmost deck on the ship] and, on his way back to the steering engine room, saw an unexploded bomb on deck which he promptly tossed over the side. His example of courage and daring was one of the most inspiring ones on the Laffey that morning.

Another example of resourcefulness exhibited that morning came when two of the engineers, who were fighting fires in one of the after compartments, were finally driven by the heat of the planes [flames] into the after Diesel generator room. The heat from the burning gasoline scorched the paint on the inside of the Diesel generator room where there was no ventilation whatsoever. The acrid fumes almost suffocated these two men but they called the officer in charge of the after engine room, which was in adjacent compartment, and told him of their predicament. He immediately had one of the men beat a hole through the bulkhead with a hammer and chisel and then, with and electric drill, cut a larger hole to put an air hose through to give them sufficient air until they could be rescued. At the same time other engineering personnel had cleared away the plane wreckage on the topside and with an oxime acetylene torch cut a hole through the deck which enabled these two men to escape. Upon reaching the topside, both of them turned to fighting the fires in the after part of the ship.

The morning after the action we removed one engine from the inside of the after five-inch mount which had been completely destroyed and which had had its port side completely blown off by the explosion of the initial plane, which was carrying a bomb when it crashed into this mount. The second plane which crashed into that mount had also done great damage to it. And the next morning we pulled one engine out of the inside of the mount and another engine was sitting beside the mount with the remains of the little Jap pilot just aft of the engine. There was very little left of him, however.

We transferred our injured personnel to a smaller ship that afternoon, which took them immediately to Okinawa. We were taken in tow by a light mine-sweeper in the early afternoon, about three hours after the attack and the mine-sweeper turned the tow over a short time later to a tug, which had been sent to our rescue. Another tug came alongside us to assist in pumping out our flooded spaces and with one tug towing us and the other alongside pumping us, we reached Okinawa early the next morning.

Put soft patches on hull.

After reaching Okinawa and pumping out all our flooded spaces, we put soft patches on four small holes we found in the underwater body in the after part of the ship. It took about five days to patch the ship up sufficiently for it to start the journey back to Pearl Harbor.

After leaving Okinawa we proceeded to Saipan and thence to Eniwetok and from Eniwetok on to Pearl Harbor.

About the seventh plane that attacked us, it came in on the port bow and he was low on the water and I kept on turning with about 25 degrees left rudder towards him to try to keep him on the beam. He swung back towards our stern and then cut in directly towards our stern and then cut in directly towards the ship. I kept turning to port to try to keep him on the beam and concentrate the maximum gunfire on him and as we turned, we could see him skidding farther aft all the time. I finally saw that he wouldn't quite make [it to hit] the bridge but then I was afraid he was going to strike the hull in the vicinity of the engine room, but about a hundred yards out from the ship, he finally straightened out and went over the fantail nicking the edge of five-inch mount three and then crashed into the water beyond the ship.

Of course, many people have various ideas about how to avoid these Kamikazes but the consensus of opinion, so far as I know, to try to keep them on the beam [i.e., coming in on a 90- degree angle to the long axis of the ship, or directly from the side] as much as possible or one reason to concentrate the maximum gunfire on them as they approached. And another reason is to give them less danger space by exposing just the beam of the ship rather than the quarter of the bow for them to attack from. The danger space is much less if they come in from the beam than it would be if they came in from ahead or from astern and had the whole length of the ship to choose in which to crash into. High speed and the twin rudders, with which 2200 ton destroyers are equipped, were believed to have been vital factors in saving our ship that morning off Okinawa.

Interviewer:

Captain Becton, were you on some other destroyer in the early part of the war?

Commander Becton:

Yes, I was in the [USS] Aaron Ward [DD-483] in the early part of the war. I was in the [USS] Gleaves [DD-423] when the war was first declared, but went to the Aaron Ward a short time after that as Chief Engineer, fleeted up [was promoted] to Exec[utive Officer - second in command] and was in there when she went through that night action off Guadalcanal the night of 12-13 November 1942. We were hit by nine shells that night, varying between 5 and 14 inches, but fortunately they were all well above the water line. We were towed into Tulagi [an island near Guadalcanal] the next day and later repaired.

Interviewer:

Were you also on board when the Ward went down?

Commander Becton:

Yes, I was on board the Aaron Ward when she sank off Guadalcanal in April, 1943. After that I went to the squadron staff of ComDesRon [Commander, Destroyer Squadron] 21 and went through three surface actions in the [USS] Nicholas [DD-449]. The first of these was the night of 6 July, in the First Battle of Kolombangara or Kula Gulf when the [light cruiser USS] Helena [CL-50] was sunk. The Nicholas and the [destroyer USS] Radford [DD-446] stayed behind after the cruisers and other destroyers retired to pick up the Helena's survivors and fight a surface action with Jap ships that were still there in Kula Gulf.

The next surface action we were in came a week later when the same outfit of destroyers and cruisers attacked some more Jap cruisers and destroyers that were coming down from the northwest. We operated under Admiral Ainesworth that night. The destroyers were under the overall command of Captain McInerney.

After that the next surface action we were in was after the occupation of Vella Lavella, in which we took on some Jap destroyers and barges [towed craft carrying troops or cargo] to the north of Vella Lavella in a night action. The destroyers turned and ran and left their barges and we couldn't catch the destroyers. We did some damage to them, possibly destroyed some, but the major damage was done to the barges which they had left behind and many of which we sank.

Nota: USS Laffey survived WWII and is now a memorial ship which can be visited at Patriots Point Naval & Maritime Museum in Mount Pleasant, South Carolina.


A Warrior's Destiny

His prayer entering battle was offered to a higher plane, but the words that came out of his mouth were meant for a mortal, his captain, who was standing in the pilothouse below him. “Please, sir, let’s not go down before we fire our damn torpedoes.”

Lieutenant Robert C. Hagen, the 25-year-old who spoke those words to Commander Ernest E. Evans, the captain of the USS Johnston (DD-557), had a front-row seat to a naval cataclysm. Hagen was the ship’s gunnery officer. On the morning of 25 October 1944 he had a clear, telescopic view through his Mark 37 gun director of a ship six times the Johnston’s size.

Tied into a gyro-stabilized, servo-mechanical fire-control system, Hagen kept the ship’s five single-mounted 5-inch/38s on target. When the range to the Japanese heavy cruiser, the Kumano, narrowed to 18,000 yards, he closed the firing key and began laying his barrage, walking a 200-yard ladder of fire across the path of the ship as she and five other Japanese cruisers bore down on Rear Admiral Clifton A. F. Sprague’s escort carrier unit, Taffy 3. When Hagen began to see his projectiles bursting in the Kumano’s superstructure, he tightened the ladder to 100 yards, concentrating the barrage. With five guns beating out 15 to 18 shells per minute, he quickly burned through the ship’s 200 rounds of common 5-inch. Thereafter, he fired proximity-fused rounds.

Con el Johnston’s solo run against an enemy battleship and cruiser task force, the Battle off Samar was on. Admiral Sprague’s mismatched bout with Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita’s Center Force in the Battle of Leyte Gulf would go down as the U.S. Navy’s greatest upset victory. As with so many battles that find a place in legend, the seeming inevitability of destiny was apparent in retrospect. For Hagen, the path to center stage in the Philippine Sea was arbitrary and accidental—and straight as the osprey flies.

90-Day Wonder’s Early Assignments

Bob Hagen, the son of a 1911 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, expected to begin his naval career at Annapolis. A native of San Francisco, educated at his father’s latest duty station, Brownsville, Texas, he received an appointment to become a midshipman in 1938. He washed out the same day he arrived owing to his astigmatism. Returning to Brownsville, he piled up enough college credits in summer preparatory school to graduate junior college in one year. Hagen finished his naval reserve officer training at Northwestern University, took a commission in September 1941, and wound up beating his would-have-been classmates to ensign by about three months. The “90-day wonder” reserve officer would lord his rank seniority over his Academy-prepped colleagues. “After a few drinks I wouldn’t hesitate to let them all know it,” he said.

For his first assignment, Ensign Hagen was tapped in late 1941 to serve where destinies were given to thousands of new recruits every few weeks: Great Lakes Naval Training Station, 30 miles north of Chicago. As an assistant service school selection officer there, he stood in the stream of humanity entering the naval service, testing new boots for intelligence and aptitude, routing the best of them by the hundreds to specialty schools and the rest by the thousands to serve in the Fleet. Demand was high, smarts were important, but experience was king. Journeyman carpenters with ten years’ experience became chiefs in the Seabees.

The imperfect and arbitrary ways of personnel evaluation and assignment were evident to Hagen when five young men, stout as trees, presented themselves. Hailing from Waterloo, Iowa, they were brothers by the name of Sullivan. Hagen recalled that neither George nor Frank nor Joe nor Matt nor Al was promising by any official measure of intellect or aptitude. But somehow they had secured a special deal for themselves. “We were promised to go to the same ship,” they told Hagen.

It struck the young officer as a capitally bad idea. “Hey fellows, there’s a war on,” Hagen replied. “You don’t want to go to the same ship.” What if that ship got sunk? Hagen’s commanding officer dismissed his protest: “Hagen, do what you are told to do in the Navy. You are 22 years old, and you don’t have to think.” The Sullivans were all sent to serve in a new antiaircraft cruiser, the Juneau (CL-52).

Experienced in the idiocy of personnel administration, Hagen hungered to serve at sea. He called on his father, Ole O. Hagen, then serving in the Bureau of Ordnance, and asked to be assigned to a destroyer bound for the Pacific. In March 1942, Ensign Hagen was sent to the Aaron Ward (DD-483). As the junior ensign in Commander Orville F. Gregor’s wardroom, Hagen found the same arbitrariness he practiced at Great Lakes suddenly applied to him: He was made the assistant communications officer for no other reason than he could type 23 words a minute. In the small world of a destroyer, he drew triple duty as the assistant supply officer and radar officer too.

Traumatic Ordeal in the Aaron Ward

In the 13 November 1942 naval action off Guadalcanal, the Aaron Ward led the rear section of destroyers in Rear Admiral Daniel J. Callaghan’s column. The close-range battle fought that night would go down as one of the most violent and bloody ever. It saw the death of two flag officers: Callaghan, as well as Rear Admiral Norman Scott, one of Ole Hagen’s 1911 Naval Academy classmates, killed by a friendly salvo in the antiaircraft cruiser Atlanta (CL-51).

Standing on the Aaron Ward’s starboard bridge wing, Hagen watched the ships following astern. Through his binoculars he had a clear view of the sudden destruction of the destroyer Barton (DD-599). He saw the Monssen (DD-436) get heavily hit and an officer leap from her pilothouse to escape the fires. Then the Aaron Ward took one. A Japanese shell blasted up from the wardroom below, producing a storm of shrapnel that opened the deck and filled him with steel. Weakened by arterial bleeding from his torn left bicep, Hagen instructed the chief signalman to take his place as officer of the deck.

At Great Lakes he had always had a hard time finding candidates to attend the specialty school that trained pharmacist’s mates, but it was his good fortune now to be saved by a quick-thinking pharmacist’s mate who put a tourniquet on his arm and stuck him with a morphine syrette. When another medic came upon the badly wounded officer minutes later and administered more of the painkiller, unaware of his predecessor’s work, Hagen was left to drift off to a drugged sleep. His final act of conscious thought that night was to understand he didn’t want to survive if it meant losing an arm. As his mind shut down and time ceased to move for him, he used his remaining strength to remove the tourniquet. He would take his chances with blood loss.

After dawn, Hagen came to. He found himself bathed in blood and with a front-row seat to another drama: the “battle of the cripples.” As his dulled senses returned to work, he saw an enemy battleship far away, beyond the range of his dead-in-the-water vessel’s 5-inch guns. The Japanese behemoth, the Hiei, had been badly damaged the previous night. But her men, like the Americans, possessed a fierce will to live and to fight, and they took the Aaron Ward under fire. Hagen’s most vivid memory of that morning was a comic one: his holy terror of a skipper, Captain Gregor, diving behind the pilothouse wheel housing to escape the plunging 14-inch shells. The woozy lieutenant (j.g.) found a mischievous delight in his panic.

Gregor was never the wiser. He put Hagen in for a Silver Star for accurately identifying unknown ships at the height of the battle’s chaos. He received a Purple Heart too. But bad as his ship got, the vessel that steamed ahead of the Aaron Ward that night, the Juneau, received far worse. Damaged in the night battle, the cruiser was lost to a submarine torpedo the morning after, en route to Espiritu Santo. los Juneau didn’t sink she vanished in a cloud of yellow-brown smoke, the victim of a terrible secondary explosion in a magazine. All five Sullivan brothers were among her fatalities all but ten of her crew of about 700 died.


USS Aaron Ward (DD-483)


Figure 1: USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) approaching USS Avispa (CV-7) on 17 August 1942, during operations in the Solomon Islands area. Note that her port anchor is missing, probably removed as a weight-saving measure. Also note her pattern camouflage. Fotografía oficial de la Marina de los Estados Unidos, ahora en las colecciones de los Archivos Nacionales. Click on photograph for larger image.

/>
Figure 2: The USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) berthed at the Brooklyn Navy Yard on 4 May 1942. She shows a good example of the correctly applied US Navy Measure 12 Modified camouflage. USN courtesy of Floating Drydock. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 3: USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) probably photographed in New York Harbor, circa 15 May 1942. Wartime censors retouched this image. They removed radar antennas atop the gun director and foremast. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 4: USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) afloat immediately after she was launched, at the Federal Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company shipyard, Kearny, New Jersey, 22 November 1941. Fotografía del Centro Histórico Naval de EE. UU. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 5: View on board the USS Aaron Ward (DD-483), looking aft from the bow, while the ship was in New York Harbor on 15 May 1942. Note her forward 5"/38 gun mounts, with 5" powder canisters stacked on deck nearby and Mark 37 gun director, with "FD" radar antenna, atop the pilothouse. The tug Robert Aikman and a Navy covered lighter (YF) are alongside. Fort Richmond, on Staten Island, is visible in the right distance. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 6: Ships of Task Force 18 in Tulagi Harbor, Solomon Islands, shortly before departing hurredly to avoid the large-scale Japanese air attack that marked the beginning of Japan’s "I" Operation, 7 April 1943. Photographed from USS Fletcher (DD-445). USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) is partially visible at left. She was fatally damaged in this air attack and sank near Tulagi during salvage attempts. Light cruiser in center is USS Honolulu (CL-48). USS Saint Louis (CL-49) is behind her, to the right, with a Fletcher class destroyer beyond. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Click on photograph for larger image.

USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) was the second ship named after Rear Admiral Aaron Ward, who served in the US Navy from 1867 to 1913. Aaron Ward was a 1,630-ton Gleaves class destroyer that was built by the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company at Kearny, New Jersey, and was commissioned on 4 March 1942. The ship was approximately 348 feet long and 36 feet wide, and had a top speed of 35 knots and a crew of 208 officers and men. She was armed with four 5-inch guns, two twin 40-mm gun mounts, two single 20-mm gun mounts, two quintuple 21-inch torpedo tube mounts and depth charges.

After a brief shakedown cruise off the coast of Maine, Aaron Ward was sent to the Pacific in May 1942. For roughly a month she escorted the aircraft carrier Long Island (AVG-1) and several old battleships as they left America’s West Coast and patrolled the waters off Hawaii. Aaron Ward then played a substantial role in the naval battle for Guadalcanal. In July, Aaron Ward steamed toward the South Pacific, where she escorted merchant ships to Guadalcanal. While escorting some warships near the island, Aaron Ward witnessed the sinking of the carrier USS Avispa (CV-7) after it was torpedoed by the Japanese submarine I-19 on 15 September 1942. On 17 October 1942, Aaron Ward fought off several Japanese aircraft and bombarded enemy positions on shore. On October 20, while screening American warships, she came to the assistance of the heavy cruiser USS Chester (CA-37) after she was torpedoed by another Japanese submarine. Aaron Ward escorted the damaged cruiser to Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides for repairs.

Aaron Ward shelled additional Japanese positions on Guadalcanal on 30 October as part of a task force centered on the light cruiser USS Atlanta (CL-51). Aaron Ward escorted merchant ships to Guadalcanal on 11-12 November and successfully protected them against enemy air attacks as they steamed off the coast of the island. On the night of 12-13 November 1942, during a major naval battle off Guadalcanal, Aaron Ward was part of a group of cruisers and destroyers that attacked a larger Japanese naval task force that included two battleships. The destroyer was hit several times during the battle and was even fired on (but not hit) by the Japanese battleship Hiei.

After the battle, Aaron Ward was sent to Pearl Harbor for repairs. She was sent back to Guadalcanal in February 1943. While steaming in nearby Tulagi Harbor on 7 April, Aaron Ward received a radar warning that a huge Japanese air raid was about to take place. The destroyer quickly moved away from Tulagi and went into the open waters of nearby Iron Bottom Sound (which got that name because of all of the ships that were sunk there). There the Aaron Ward’s luck ran out because several Japanese dive-bombers attacked her. The ship sustained one direct hit and several near misses, which flooded both her fireroom and engine room. Twenty-seven men were killed during the attack and 59 were wounded. The ship also had no power and began to sink. Two salvage ships came to the assistance of the Aaron Ward and tried to tow the stricken destroyer back to Tulagi. But the damage was too great and she soon sank, stern first, only 600 yards away from shore.

los Aaron Ward received four battle stars for her service in World War II. However, her story does not end there. During the mid-1990s, the wreck of the Aaron Ward was discovered by divers off the coast of Tulagi. She is sitting upright 240 feet below the surface, with both her bow and stern seriously mangled by the destroyer’s impact with the ocean floor. But despite the damage, the ship is well preserved and numerous divers have visited it. Aaron Ward may have been sunk in 1943, but to this day she provides mute testimony to the viciousness of the naval battles that were fought off the coast of Guadalcanal.


TM1c John Crockett Ravin Historical Information

USS Aaron Ward (DD-483), Commander Orville F. Gregor commanding. Damaged 15 KIA, 38 WIA.Aaron Ward, leading the trailing four destroyers, plowed into the mass of wrecked and burning ships on both sides. The trail destroyers could all see the carnage ahead, but none of them faltered. Opening fire on Hiei at 7,000 yards, Aaron Ward had to go to an emergency backing bell to avoid hitting a burning Japanese destroyer. los Yudachi (which seemed to be everywhere in the battle) was hit by either gunfire from Aaron Ward or by friendly fire from another Japanese destroyer, the Asagumo, which left her dead in the water. Two torpedoes passed under Aaron Ward, which probably hit the Barton. Aaron Ward attempted to launch torpedoes at Hiei, but San Francisco was then too close to Hiei y Aaron Ward checked fire before blasting her way through a couple of Japanese destroyers on both sides. Damaged by nine direct hits, including three 14-inch battleship shells, Aaron Ward lost power at about 0235 and went dead in the water.” Commander Gregor (future rear admiral) awarded Navy Cross. USS Aaron Ward would be bombed and sunk off Guadalcanal on 7 April 1943.


April 7, 1943 – This Day During World War ll – Japanese attack force bombs and sinks the Destroyer Aaron Ward (DD-483)

April 7, 1943 – A Japanese attack force of 157 Zero fighters and 67 D3A dive bombers hit Tulagi in the Solomon Islands sinking the Destroyer Aaron Ward (DD-483) USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) was a Gleaves-class destroyer in the service of the United States Navy. She was the second Navy ship named in honor of Rear Admiral Aaron Ward.
On 7 April, the Ward and three tank landing craft from the Russell Islands sailed to Savo Island. At about noon, the destroyer received notification of an impending air raid at Guadalcanal.
As the ships neared their destination, Aaron Ward received orders at about 1330 to leave her convoy to cover LST-449 off Togoma Point, Guadalcanal. (One of the passengers on LST-449 was then Lieutenant (junior grade) John F. Kennedy, later to become President of the United States, on his way to take command of PT-109.) Joining the tank landing ship at 1419, the destroyer directed her to follow her movements and zigzag at the approach of enemy aircraft. While the LST maneuvered to conform to Aaron Ward’s movements, Lieutenant Commander Frederick J. Becton, commanding officer of Aaron Ward, planned to retire to the eastward through Lengo Channel, as other cargo ships and escorting ships were doing upon receipt of the air raid warning from Guadalcanal.
Sighting a dogfight over Savo Island, Aaron Ward tracked a closer group of Japanese planes heading south over Tulagi while swinging to starboard, the ship suddenly sighted three enemy planes coming out of the sun. Surging ahead to flank speed and putting her rudder over hard to port, Aaron Ward opened fire with her 20 mm and 40 mm guns, followed shortly afterwards by her 5-inch battery. Bombs from the first three planes struck on or near the ship, and the mining effect of the near-misses proved devastating the first bomb was a near miss, which tore holes in the side of the ship, allowing the forward fire room to ship water rapidly the second struck home in the engine room, causing a loss of all electrical power on the 5 inch and 40 mm mounts. Shifting to local control, however, the gunners kept up the fire. A third bomb splashed close aboard, holing her port side, near the after engine room. Having lost power to her rudder, the ship continued to swing to port as another trio of dive bombers loosed their loads on the now-helpless destroyer. While none of these bombs hit the ship, two landed very near her port side. Twenty men died, 59 were wounded, and seven went missing.
Despite the best efforts of her determined crew, and the assistance of Ortolan and Vireo, the destroyer settled lower in the water. When it became evident that the battle to save Aaron Ward was being lost, Ortolan and Vireo attempted to beach her on a shoal near Tinete Point of Nggela Sule. At 21:35, however, Aaron Ward sank, stern-first, in 40 fathoms (70 m) of water, only 600 yards (550 m) from shoal water.

USS Aaron Ward approaching USS Wasp during operations in the Solomon Islands area.


На главную страницу

Photo: USS AARON WARD (DD-483) in New York harbour in 1942.

© Official U.S. Navy Photograph - Naval Historical Center

USS AARON WARD (DD-483) was a Gleaves-class destroyer that served in the United States Navy from March 4, 1942 to April 7, 1943.

USS AARON WARD (DD-483) was named in honor of Rear Admiral Aaron Ward.

USS AARON WARD (DD-483) sank on April 7, 1943 in a shoal near Tinete Point of Nggela Sule, Solomon Islands during OPERATION I-GO. Her wreck was discovered on September 4, 1994.

Following her shakedown out of Casco Bay, Maine, and post-shakedown availability at the New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, N.Y., USS AARON WARD (DD-483) sailed for the Pacific on May 20, 1942 and proceeded via the Panama Canal to San Diego, California. A short time later, as the Battle of Midway was developing off to the westward, AARON WARD (DD-483) operated in the screen of Vice Adm. William S. Pye's Task Force (TF) 1, built around seven battleships and USS LONG ISLAND (AVG-1) as it steamed out into the Pacific Ocean, eventually reaching a point some 1,200 miles west of San Francisco and equally northeast of Hawaii, to "support the current operations against the enemy." With the detachment of Long Island from the task force on 17 June, Aaron Ward screened her on her voyage back to San Diego.

After local operations off the west coast, USS AARON WARD (DD-483) sailed for Hawaii on 30 June 1942 and proceeded thence to the Tonga Islands with TF 18. Assigned to escort duties soon thereafter, she convoyed USS CIMARRON (AO-22) to Noumea, New Caledonia. During the course of the voyage she made two sound contacts, one on August 5, 1942 and the other the following day, which she developed and attacked with depth charges. Although she claimed a probable sinking in each case, neither "kill" was borne out in postwar accounting. Subsequently assigned to screening duties with forces seeking to cover and resupply Guadalcanal, Aaron Ward saw USS WASP (CV-7) torpedoed by 1-19 on September 15, 1942.

Within a month's time, USS AARON WARD (DD-483) was earmarked for a shore bombardment mission on October 17, 1942. AARON WARD (DD-483) se paró en Lunga Roads a las 0717 de ese día para mentir y esperar la llegada de un oficial de enlace del USMC que designaría los objetivos del barco. Sin embargo, antes de que pudiera embarcar pasajeros, vio cinco bombarderos enemigos acercándose desde el oeste. Estos atacaron AARON WARD (DD-483) alrededor de las 0724, pero se encontraron con un fuerte bombardeo antiaéreo tanto del barco como de los cañones marinos en tierra. El destructor avanzó a velocidad de flanco cuando divisó a los atacantes, para realizar maniobras evasivas y esquivar las bombas que caían, balanceándose radicalmente hacia la derecha o hacia la izquierda según lo exigiera la ocasión. Tres bombas saltaron de 100 a 300 yardas a popa del barco. Sin embargo, los marines afirmaron que dos de los cinco atacantes habían sido destruidos, mientras que el barco y los marines compartieron una tercera & quot; muerte & quot ;.

Terminada la acción, el USS AARON WARD (DD-483) se paró en Lunga Roads a las 0800 y embarcó a Martin Clemens, el exrepresentante consular británico en Guadalcanal que entonces se desempeñaba como `` observador de la costa '', el Mayor C.M. Nees, USMC y Cpl. R. M. Howard, USMC, fotógrafa, y se puso en marcha poco después, alcanzando su área objetivo en 40 minutos. Durante tres horas, AARON WARD (DD-483) Ward bombardeó posiciones costeras japonesas, sus objetivos iban desde un emplazamiento de armas hasta depósitos de municiones, fuegos, humo y explosiones marcaron su visita cuando abandonó el área. Al llegar a Lunga Roads a las 1216, desembarcó a sus pasajeros y, después de estar en alerta por un ataque aéreo japonés que no pudo materializarse, despejó el Canal Lengo y se reincorporó a su grupo de trabajo.

Tres días después, mientras realizaba nuevamente operaciones de detección, el USS AARON WARD (DD-483) vio al USS CHESTER (CA-27) tomar un torpedo el 20 de octubre de 1942. AARON WARD (DD-483) acudió en ayuda del crucero afectado y lanzó un patrón de carga de profundidad completa sobre el asaltante de CHESTER, I-176, pero apareció con las manos vacías. AARON WARD (DD-483) luego escoltó el barco dañado a Espíritu Santo.

Diez días después de su fallida búsqueda de la I-176, el USS AARON WARD (DD-483) llevó a cabo otro bombardeo de posiciones japonesas en Guadalcanal, esta vez en compañía del USS ATLANTA (CL-51), el buque insignia del Contralmirante Norman Scott. (Comandante, Grupo de Tareas (TG) 64.4), y los destructores Benham (DD-397), USS FLETCHER (DD-445) y USS LARDNER (DD-487). Al llegar a Lunga Point a las 05.20 del 30 de octubre de 1942, el grupo de trabajo se incorporó y Atlanta embarcó a un oficial de enlace del mayor general Alexander A. Vandegrift, comandante de la Primera División de Infantería de Marina, 20 minutos después.

Navegando hacia su área designada, TG 64.4 llegó a su destino en una hora y, a las 0629, el buque insignia del Contralmirante Scott abrió fuego. El USS AARON WARD (DD-483) hizo lo mismo poco después, finalmente, antes de que cesara el fuego a las 08.40, gastó 711 rondas de munición de 5 pulgadas. Haciendo una breve pausa para investigar un submarino reportado en las cercanías, AARON WARD (DD-483) luego despejó el área poco antes de las 0900, su misión fue completada.

El USS AARON WARD (DD-483) examinó los transportes que descargaban hombres y material frente a Guadalcanal del 11 al 12 de noviembre de 1942, reclamando un avión enemigo y dañando otros dos el primer día y dos aviones más frente a Lunga Point en el último.

A las 18.30 del 12 de noviembre de 1942, el USS AARON WARD (DD-483) se retiró con su grupo de trabajo en dirección este. Aún más tarde, la fuerza - cinco cruceros y ocho destructores, bajo el mando del Contralmirante Daniel J. Callaghan - cambió de rumbo y retrocedió a través del Canal Lengo. Alrededor de las 01.30 del 13 de noviembre de 1942, los barcos estadounidenses que poseían radar detectaron numerosos contactos en sus pantallas, la "Fuerza de Ataque Voluntario" al mando del Contralmirante Abe Hiroaki, que consistía en dos acorazados, un crucero ligero y 14 destructores.

El USS AARON WARD (DD-483), al frente de los cuatro destructores que se encontraban en la retaguardia de la columna Callaghan & # 039, se acercó a los barcos japoneses con su radar FD en 0145, abriendo fuego poco después sobre un objetivo que ella consideró un acorazado. Poco tiempo después, después de que el barco había disparado aproximadamente 10 salvas, vio que los cruceros delante de ella aparentemente habían cambiado de rumbo deteniendo y retrocediendo ambos motores en 0155, AARON WARD (DD-483) observó dos torpedos pasar debajo de ella.

Un instante después, el USS BARTON (DD-599), cercano, estalló (había sido torpedeado por el destructor AMATSUKAZE) poco antes de que el USS AARON WARD (DD-483), con las aguas claras delante de ella, se adelantara una vez más. Se preparó para disparar torpedos a un objetivo a babor, pero no lo hizo porque avistó un barco que supuso que era el USS SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38) a 1.500 yardas de distancia. A las 0204, observando lo que ella tomó por el USS STERETT (DD-407) dirigiéndose directamente hacia su babor, AARON WARD (DD-483) avanzó, la velocidad de flanco, y puso su timón sobre hard-a-port para evitar una colisión. .

Poco tiempo después, el USS AARON WARD (DD-483) comenzó a disparar contra un barco enemigo y lanzó unas 25 salvas en su dirección, su objetivo pudo haber sido el destructor japonés AKATSUKI, que explotó y se hundió, llevándose todas las manos con ella. Cambiando de rumbo para apuntar a un nuevo objetivo en el cuerpo a cuerpo, AARON WARD (DD-483) logró disparar cuatro salvas en el control del director hasta que un proyectil japonés dejó al director fuera de combate y obligó a los artilleros del destructor a depender del control local. .

En los minutos que siguieron, el USS AARON WARD (DD-483) recibió ocho impactos directos más incapaces de identificar amigo del enemigo y seguro de que el enemigo seguramente había establecido su carácter estadounidense, el destructor luego se destacó para despejar el área. AARON WARD (DD-483) perdió el control de la dirección a las 0225 y, manejando con sus motores, intentó girar a la derecha. Al no ver más disparos después de las 02:30, cuando aparentemente terminó la batalla, AARON WARD (DD-483) murió en el agua a las 0235, su sala de máquinas delantera se inundó de agua salada y se le acabó el agua de alimentación.

Sin embargo, utilizando una bomba de gasolina, la tripulación del USS AARON WARD (DD-483) logró bombear agua salada a los tanques y encender las calderas. A las 05:00, el USS AARON WARD (DD-483) avanzó lentamente, con destino al Canal Sea Lark diez minutos más tarde, los torpederos a motor estadounidenses se cerraron y el destructor les indicó que pidieran un remolcador a Tulagi. Sin embargo, mantuvo su ritmo de gateo durante solo media hora, cuando volvió a morir en el agua.

Treinta minutos después de haber frenado hasta detenerse, el USS AARON WARD (DD-483) divisó una imagen no deseada: un acorazado japonés, HIEI, navegando lentamente en círculos entre las islas Savo y Florida. También cerca, más cerca de Guadalcanal, se encontraban el USS ATLANTA, el USS PORTLAND (CA-33), el USS CUSHING (DD-376) y el USS MONSSEN (DD-436), todos dañados y los destructores en llamas. La presencia del destructor japonés YUDACHI en las cercanías resultó ser su propia ruina: el USS PORTLAND lo hundió sumariamente poco después.

USS AARON WARD (DD-483), tal vez impulsado a hacerlo con más urgencia debido a la proximidad de HIEI & # 039, se puso en marcha a las 0618, y dos minutos después recibió al viejo remolcador (ex-dragaminas) BOBOLINK (ATO-131), que había llegado para llevar al destructor a remolque. Sin embargo, antes de que se pudiera manipular la línea, HIEI vio a AARON WARD (DD-483) y abrió fuego con sus cañones pesados. Cuatro salvas de dos cañones tronaron desde HIEI, la tercera de las cuales se extendió a horcajadas sobre el lisiado AARON WARD (DD-483). Afortunadamente, los aviones enviados desde Henderson Field comenzaron a trabajar sobre HIEI y distrajeron su atención en el último momento.

Perdiendo energía nuevamente a las 0635, AARON WARD (DD-483) fue remolcado por BOBOLINK, y los barcos comenzaron a moverse hacia la seguridad. El remolcador entregó el remolque a una lancha patrullera del distrito (YP) a las 0650, y el destructor ancló en el puerto de Tulagi cerca de la isla Makambo a las 08:30. Los nueve impactos directos que había recibido resultaron en 15 hombres muertos y 57 heridos. Después de recibir reparaciones temporales a nivel local, AARON WARD (DD-483) zarpó hacia Hawai poco después, llegando a Pearl Harbor el 20 de diciembre de 1942 para reparaciones permanentes.

AARON WARD (DD-483) se reincorporó a la flota el 6 de febrero de 1943 y pronto reanudó el trabajo de escolta. Durante una temporada con un pequeño convoy el 20 de marzo de 1943, ayudó a despegar aviones japoneses de ataque. Poco tiempo después, el 7 de abril de 1943, había escoltado el transporte de alta velocidad Ward (APD-16) y tres lanchas de desembarco de tanques (LCT) desde las islas Russell hasta Savo. Sin esperar llegar hasta las 14:00, el USS AARON WARD (DD-483) avanzó a 25 nudos para proporcionar a Ward y los tres LCT cobertura aérea hasta que llegaron a Tulagi. Alrededor del mediodía, sin embargo, el destructor recibió la notificación de un inminente ataque aéreo en Guadalcanal.

A medida que los barcos se acercaban a su destino, AARON WARD (DD-483) recibió órdenes alrededor de las 13:30 para dejar su convoy para cubrir LST-449 frente a Togoma Point, Guadalcanal. Uniéndose al barco de aterrizaje de tanques en las 1419, AARON WARD (DD-483) le indicó que siguiera sus movimientos y zigzagueara cuando se acercara un avión enemigo. Mientras el LST maniobraba para ajustarse a los movimientos de AARON WARD (DD-483), el último capitán planeaba retirarse hacia el este a través del Canal Lengo, como lo estaban haciendo otros cargueros y barcos de escolta al recibir la advertencia de ataque aéreo de Guadalcanal.

Al avistar una pelea de perros sobre la isla Savo, el USS AARON WARD (DD-483) rastreó a un grupo más cercano de aviones japoneses que se dirigían al sur sobre Tulagi mientras giraba a estribor, el barco avistó repentinamente tres aviones enemigos que salían del sol. El USS AARON WARD (DD-483) abrió fuego con sus cañones de 20 y 40 milímetros, seguidos poco después por su batería de 5 pulgadas. Las bombas de los primeros tres aviones impactaron en el barco o cerca de él, y el efecto minero de los casi accidentes resultó devastador.La primera bomba fue un impacto cercano, que abrió agujeros en el costado del barco, lo que permitió que la sala de incendios delantera enviara agua rápidamente. el segundo golpeó en la sala de máquinas, causando una pérdida de toda la energía eléctrica en los soportes de 5 pulgadas y 40 milímetros. Sin embargo, al pasar al control local, los artilleros mantuvieron el fuego. Una tercera bomba estalló cerca de bordo, agujereando su costado de babor, cerca de la sala de máquinas de popa. Habiendo perdido potencia en su timón, AARON WARD (DD-483) continuó girando hacia la izquierda mientras otro trío de bombarderos en picado arrojaban sus cargas sobre el ahora indefenso destructor. Si bien ninguna de estas bombas alcanzó el barco, dos aterrizaron muy cerca de su costado de babor. Veinte destructores habían muerto, 59 habían resultado heridos, siete estaban desaparecidos.

A pesar de los mejores esfuerzos de su decidida tripulación y la ayuda del buque de rescate submarino USS ORTOLAN (ASR-5) y el remolcador USS VIREO (ATO-144), el USS AARON WARD (DD-483) se instaló más abajo en el agua. Cuando se hizo evidente que la batalla para salvar a AARON WARD (DD-483) se estaba perdiendo, USS ORTOLAN y USS VIREO intentaron vararla en un banco cerca de Tinete Point. A las 21.35, sin embargo, el USS AARON WARD (DD-483) se hundió, con la popa primero, en 40 brazas de agua, a solo 600 yardas del agua del banco.

El USS AARON WARD (DD-483) recibió cuatro estrellas de batalla por su servicio en la Segunda Guerra Mundial.


Si una persona tiene una exención antes de la admisión a NF y experimenta una estadía de menos de 30 días, el CFR / nación tribal debe cerrar las líneas de servicio, pero en ciertas circunstancias, puede dejar abierto el período de exención. Para más información, ver CBSM - Salidas de exenciones temporales: acciones de MMIS.

Cuando la persona experimenta una estadía NF por más de 30 días, la nación tribal CFR debe cerrar la exención. El CFR / nación tribal debe asegurarse de que la fecha de exención sea la misma o anterior a la fecha de admisión de NF en MMIS. La persona necesita una nueva evaluación de MnCHOICES en persona para regresar a la comunidad.


Ver el vídeo: Diving the wreck of the WWII destroyer USS AARON WARD DD-483 - Guadalcanal 2017


Comentarios:

  1. Farnly

    Gracias por la ayuda en esta pregunta, ¿puedo ayudarle en algo?

  2. Akinozilkree

    Te pido disculpas, pero, en mi opinión, no tienes razón. estoy seguro Lo sugiero para discutir. Escríbeme por MP.

  3. Ami

    Ciertamente. Todo lo anterior dijo la verdad.

  4. Arregaithel

    Puedes hablar sin parar sobre este tema.

  5. Tojin

    Wacker, que frase tan necesaria..., notable pensamiento

  6. Toft

    ¿Cómo puede haber en contra de la autoridad?



Escribe un mensaje